|Home||NYCT||Staten Island||Port Authority||NYC Commuter Rail||America||The World||Contributors||Links|
|Long Island Rail Road (LIRR)||Metro-North Railroad||New Jersey Transit (NJT)||Shore Line East||
|CNJ Main Line||CNJ Freehold Branch||CNJ Seashore Branch|
BY Peggy Darlington with assistance from David Pirmann
The Newark City Subway was, for the most part, constructed in the bed of the Morris Canal, which itself was built between Jersey City and Phillipsburg, NJ in the period 1825-1837. At its peak it was over 100 miles long and barges took five days to traverse its entire length. But, by the early 1900's, the railroads across New Jersey (specifically the Lackawanna and Jersey Central) signed the Morris Canal's death certificate and by 1920, the stagnant waters were a health hazard and the New Jersey state legislature pushed for the draining and filling of the canal bed.
In 1927, the Newark portion of the canal was authorized to become a right-of-way for streetcars, and construction began on this new subway on November 18, 1929. The downtown portion of the line was covered, creating a new street (Raymond Blvd.), while the outer portion was dredged out and overpasses were built at major cross streets and station locations. In 1934, rail was laid and the first streetcar traversed the tracks on October 3, 1934. The original southern terminal was at Warren Street; the extension to Pennsylvania Station was completed and opened June 20, 1937. The northern extension from Heller Parkway to Franklin was completed on November 22, 1940.
By 1935, a number of Newark streetcar routes had been diverted into the new subway. Street connections were built at various locations for streetcars to enter the subway. These connections are shown in the table below
The Newark Light Rail runs via two routes during weekdays and a combined route on weekends.
The two routes are
weekend service runs from Penn Station to Grove Street, Back to Penn Station, to Broad Street Station , back to Penn Station and then repeats.
Photo 1 Courtesy of David Pirmann, Photo 2 Courtesy of Rich Panse
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org (paste this address into your e-mail program)
All rights reserved by Station reporter.net.
Permission granted to use brief citations with a statement "courtesy of www.stationreporter.net"